Food Science and Technology of Genetic Modification

Genetically modified foods have caused diverse reactions across the globe, with certain countries ban the use of these foods while others, such as those in the United States allowing its consumption. Therefore, although the technology has been in use for a while however, the majority of people have not yet adopted it, particularly the conservatives.

The arguments presented to support or disavow using genetically altered food are numerous and diverse as each appeals to the logos, pathos and the ethos. The most convincing arguments are geared to ethos because of the many and constant support this debate gained from World Health Organization WHO) who believes that genetic engineering is the answer to addressing global food shortages and the fact that there is no risk of serious harm caused by the food products has been documented or reported by the WHO (Lee 36).).

The WHO is a reputable authority on health-related issues across the globe. Their endorsement of genetic engineering is sufficient to inspire their ethos.

Countries, companies and organizations that manufacture GMOs draw attention to the human condition in order to attract more customers. This involves appealing to the emotions of people through the argument using GMOs can help alleviate the hunger crisis around the world. This is particularly true for countries in the developing world that suffer from constant flooding and droughts that cause food insecurity. Therefore, the adaptation to genetically engineered food can help solve the problem and prevent people from suffering due to hunger and malnutrition (Donnellan 45).).

Logos is the term used to describe applying logic in circumstances or arguments. It is believed that the use of GMOs is justified because logically there isn’t any threat known from the food products. The only risks are dependent on this theory and, until the proper studies are completed, concluded and results are made public, the most rational decision is to promote using GMOs because they offer more advantages than pros (Morgan 23).).

When considering the use of genetically modified food products It is crucial to evaluate their benefits against their disadvantages. The usage of these foods is thought to yield higher yields using very little fertilizer. they also tend to increase and breed more quickly in comparison to other methods of development and breeding which requires a lengthy time.

Additionally, food products which have been genetically engineered have been used since 1996, and to date, they have not had any adverse negative effects observed on humans.

However using foods that have been genetically modified has disadvantages, such as the possibility to destroy the biological diversity of plants because of the monoculture approach to breed and develop these organisms. Additionally, certain genetically engineered food products contain large amounts of proteins that are novel and have been identified as responsible for the development of allergic reactions, as well as other kidney and liver issues in rodents that are being investigated (Campbell-Pratt 46).).

In the end, the application of this technology to address the problem of global climate change, which has caused a shortage of food that causes people to suffer from malnutrition and hunger because of the changes in weather patterns is justified in the long run, as long as the process is under control. If it is used properly and applied to the right way, genetic engineering could aid in solving other problems in addition to food. Additionally so long as the process is maintained under control, its benefits far outweigh the negatives, which is why it can be beneficial to society.

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